JÜRGEN SCHADEBERG. LA MEMORIA VISUAL DE LA VIDA. RETROSPECTIVA, hasta el 4 de septiembre, en el Antiguo Hospital de Santa María la Rica, sala Antonio López (Calle de Santa María la Rica, 3 28801 Alcalá de Henares, Madrid)

Patrocinan: Embajada de la República Federal de Alemania y Fundación Goethe. Colabora: Galería Blanca Berlín.

Jürgen Schadeberg (Alemania, 1931) es uno de los fotógrafos más emblemáticos del panorama cultural de la segunda mitad del siglo XX y comienzos del XXI. Esta primera retrospectiva de su obra en España descubre al público más de sesenta y cinco años de trabajo profesional. Después de emigrar en 1950 a Sudáfrica, Schadeberg retrató la lucha por la abolición del apartheid, y con su cámara observa hasta hoy la vida de la población sudafricana. Con el entonces desconocido Nelson Mandela entabló una amistad que duraría hasta la muerte del primero, a quien retrató en numerosas ocasiones.

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Biografía (wikipedia)

Jürgen Schadeberg (born 1931) is a South African photographer and artist.

Jürgen Schadeberg was born in Berlin in 1931. In 1950, he moved to South Africa to rejoin his family and joined Drum magazine as official photographer and layout artist.

Schadeberg became a teacher and mentor to some of the most creative South African photographers of his time, like Bob Gosani, Ernest Cole and later Peter Magubane.[1] As one of the few white photographers who photographed daily life among the black community, he became knowledgeable about black life and culture. As a result, he captured on film the beginnings of the freedom movement, the effects of apartheid and the vibrancy of township life.

Schadeberg photographed many historic and pivotal events in the 1950s among them the Defiance Campaign of 1952, the 1956 Treason Trial, the Sophiatownremovals of 1955, the Sophiatown jazz and social scene, the Sharpeville funeral of 1960 and pictures of Robben Island inmates. Some of the famous people he photographed include Nelson Mandela, Walter Sisulu, Oliver Tambo, Trevor Huddleston and Govan Mbeki. He also documented the Fifties jazz legends such asDolly Rathebe, Kippie Moeketsi, Thandi Klaasen and Miriam Makeba.

Drum wanted the singer Dolly Rathebe to be the cover girl for one of their issues. Schadeberg took her to a Johannesburg mine dump and photographed her in a bikini. The two were arrested for contravening the Immorality Act which forbade interracial relationships.[2]

In 1959, Schadeberg left Drum to become a freelancer. He was part of an expedition led by Professor Phillip V. Tobias from the University of the Witwatersrand to study the San (Bushmen). These images were published in The Kalahari Bushmen Dance in 1982.[3]

He was forced to leave South Africa in 1964 and went to London. Here he taught and curated photographic exhibitions, notably for the Whitechapel Art Gallery.[1]

He then moved to Spain where he concentrated on a career as an artist. In 1972, he returned to Africa where he accepted a position as photographer for Christian Aid in Botswana and Tanzania. In 1973 he travelled from Senegal and Mali to Kenya and Zaire to take photographs.[3]

In 1984, Schadeberg returned to South Africa. He continues to work as a photo-journalist as well as making documentaries about the black community.

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